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Biography

Selekane Ananias Motadi is a junior lecturer of Nutrition at the University of Venda. He received his junior degree BSc in Nutrition at the University of Venda. In 2010, He registered for Master Degree in Public Nutrition at the same university. He is a registered Nutritionist with Health Professional Council of South Africa. He was offered tenure in the Department of Nutrition. In addition to teaching, Mr. Motadi is a regular contributor to the micronutrient malnutrition particularly zinc and a Mamelodi sundowns United fan. He has registered for postgraduate diploma in health professional education at the University of Cape Town which he envisages completing in 2015. He has collaborated on manuscripts with Prof XG Mbhenyane, Dr. RL Mamabolo, Ms. HV Mbhatsani and Mr. NS Mabapa entitled “Prevalence of zinc deficiency among children aged 3-5 years in Vhembe district, Limpopo province, South Africa”. He currently resides in Limpopo Province, South Africa with his brother.

Abstract

Introduction Alcoholic consumption has been a part of social life for decades, yet many people have always found it problematic to understand or confine their use. South Africa has a high percentage of people who consume alcohol and who are not physically active as compared to other developing countries. Moreover, the use of alcoholic beverages has been an integral part of many cultures for thousands of years in South Africa Objectives: To determine alcohol consumption and commonly consumed food among youth in Mokopane. Methods: This study included 160 youth recruited from the villages in Mokopane which is found in Mogalakwena Local municipality of Limpopo province, South Africa. Villages were selected using simple random sampling and snowballing sampling was used to choose study participants. Body weight and height, waist and hip were measured using standard technique. Food consumption was collected using 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire. Alcohol was assessed with quantity-frequency method. Alcohol consumption was categorized into three groups: non-drinkers (<12grams), moderate drinkers (12-167 grams for men, 12-83grams for women), and heavy drinkers (?168 for men, ? for women). Results: Waist circumference of women was higher than those of men (p<0.018). Furthermore, the mean systolic and diastolic were 117.33 ±3.06 and 117.14 ±9.35 respectively. In addition, the mean glucose level of heavy drinkers for men was lower 4.20 ±0.44 as compared to their counterparts 5.27 ±1.26. BMI was positively correlated with Systolic (r=0.395; p<0.000), Diastolic (r=0.276; p<0.000) and Glucose (r=0.385; p<0.000). There was no significant difference in the following highly consumed food items in both men and women except with the consumption of milk between men (p<0.05) and women (p=0.591). In addition, there were significant difference in the consumption of cabbage between men (p=0.582) and women (p<0.019). Furthermore, there were significant difference in the consumption of beans in both men (p=0.944) and women (p<0.044). Conclusion: Men consumed more alcohol than women and some of the gender differences. This gender gap is one of the few universal gender differences in human social behavior. The most commonly consumed food items were grouped according to starchy foods (which are normally the staple foods amongst most South Africans), protein foods, fats, milk and milk products, fruits, vegetables and beverages.

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