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Biography

Ogunsile Seyi Elizabth is working at the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Ogunsile Seyi Elizabth has published many research papers in National and International journals.

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of four nutrition education strategies in improving dietary related knowledge, attitude and practice among adolescents. Design : Pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was adopted in this study. This is to be be able to make comparison among groups. Participant: Three hundred and three adolescents (159 boys, 144 girls, mean age 13.6±1.45) selected from eight secondary schools in Ibadan, South-West Nigeria, constituted the participants for the study. Methodology: Questionnaire was the instrument used to assess dietary knowledge, attitude and practice. The study consisted of three experimental and one control group. All the groups had nutrition education once in a week for eight weeks. Experimental groups used conventional teaching method and additional teaching strategies (songs, board game and a combination of songs and board game respectively), while the control group made use of conventional teaching method alone. Data analysis was done using paired t-Test and inferences were made at 0.05 level of significance. The nutrition education programme took place between January and March 2014. Results: Nutrition education complemented with board game had the highest effect on adolescents’ dietary knowledge (Mean gain = 6.4, t(78) = 22.84, p=0.000. Combination of songs and board game had the highest effect on attitude and practice (Mean gain =8.4, t(87) = 11.31, p=0.000, (Mean gain =8.6, t(87) = 15.88, p=0.000, respectively. Conclusions: The findings of this study is an indication that nutrition education involving combination of strategies is effective in improving dietary related outcomes among adolescents. These methods could therefore be of great benefit if inculcated into nutrition education programmes for adolescents.

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