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Biography

Mondlane NAF is working at the Department of Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Venda, South Africa. He had published many research articles in National and International Journals.

Abstract

Introduction: World Health Organization indicated that infant feeding is crucial for growth and development. WHO estimated that 800 000 death amongst children under five years can be prevented annually if infants are breastfeeding. Objectives: To determine infant feeding practices and anthropometric status of children aged 3 to 24 months. Study Design: A descriptive survey was done. The researcher described infant feeding practice and anthropometric status of children aged 3 to 24 months. Breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices were determined by questionnaire, a quantified food frequency questionnaire was used to determine the usual food intake. Setting/participants: Participants included 240 caregivers with children age 3-24 months from Nkowankowa Township, Mopani district in Limpopo Province. Results: More than half of infants (56.7%) were males and 43.3% were females. 85% initiated breastfeeding immediately after delivery. 42.4% were giving infant formula milk. First solid foods given were maize-meal soft porridge (73.3%). During visit, 75% of the children were of normal weight, 13.3% were mildly underweight, 3.3% were underweight, and 6.7% were severely underweight while 1.7% were at possible risk of growth problems. Conclusion: Inappropriate feeding practices should be addressed. Interventions should emphasize the importance of exclusive breastfeeding and correct the introduction of complementary feeding since the rate of exclusive breastfeeding is still low when compared to developed countries.

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